If you are lucky enough to have a mango tree, summer is a heavenly time of year in Miami. When my Dad decided to plant a mango tree at his home in Gables By The Sea, he went to my sister Elise’s friend Blair, whose family used to own Four Fillies Farm, and sampled many varieties of mangoes she brought from her childhood home. He found a favorite (Haden), planted it and reaped the benefits (while chasing away hungry squirrels) for many years.
While there are more than a 1000 varieties of mangoes growing all over the world, we in South Florida are lucky as it is one of the “meccas of mangoes due to our year round temperate climate”, according to Wikipedia. Most of the mangoes found in the grocery store today can be traced to a mango tree Captain John Haden planted in Coconut Grove in 1902. Although he died the following year, his widow Florence tended the tree until it fruited in 1910. Most of the mangoes varieties grown in Florida are either direct, or indirect descendants of that first Haden tree.
When I decided to get a mango tree, I took a similar tact to my Dad’s. I attended the Fairchild Tropical Garden Mango Festival and sampled a wide variety of mangoes in the Tasting Room. The Mallika mango, a sweet and creamy dessert mango from India, was my favorite. It’s is actually a hybrid of two mango varieties (Neelum and Dasheri) and was developed in India’s national breeding company in the ’70’s. I didn’t care about that, only that it tasted delicious. There was no turpentine taste or stringy fibers in my Mallika.
I planted it in my backyard and waited patiently until it fruited. It took a couple years. I also watched it anxiously, from my son’s bedroom window, as Hurricane Irma wreaked havoc in our yard in 2017. Luckily, it survived, while leaning quite a bit to one side. We propped it up and it recuperated. Last year, I had an abundance of Mallikas. This year, I’ve only had three. A couple got eaten by squirrels, I picked one too green that never ripened, gave one to my son in Tallahassee, so in the end, I only sampled one Mallika mango! These mangos differ from others like Hadens, as they never develop that beautiful bright orange and red color on the outside when ripe. These pendulous, tear-drop shaped mangoes turn slightly yellow on the outside, but inside are a brilliant, yellow-orange hue.
If you have an excess of mangoes, due to having trees in your yard or getting gifted with mangoes from friends or neighbors, here are some recipes to use up those mangos. The easiest recipe I offer is for mango salsa. It’s great on cooked fish and shrimp, but also works well on roast chicken or pork. It could also be used on seafood, pork or black bean tacos or as a healthy dip with tortilla chips. Blue chips offer a nice contrast to the orange salsa.
3 ripe mangoes, diced with juices
1/2 cup red onion, chopped
1/4 cup cilantro, chopped
1 jalapeno or serrano pepper, seeded and minced
1 large lime, juiced (1/4 cup)
salt to taste
Combine all ingredients. Add salt to taste. (If you don’t like cilantro or spicy, eliminate those ingredients.)
This recipe is from Serve it Up!, a fundraising cookbook for Autism I helped put together with my friend and fellow tennis player Sharon Williams. Sharon is an excellent cook and tennis player; she is especially known for her baked goods. My sister Kelley made several batches of this mango bread to give to friends and family as a way of reaching out with the Pandemic and everyone loved them. The oil in the recipe makes this loaf very moist.
Mango Bread Makes 2 loaves
2 cup all purpose flour
2 tsp. baking soda
1/2 tsp. salt
1 tsp. cinnamon
1/2 tsp. freshly grated nutmeg
1 cup sugar
1 cup brown sugar
2 cups ripe mango, diced with liquids
1 cup vegetable oil
1 tsp. vanilla
Optional: 1/2 cup raisins, 1/2 cup chopped nuts, 1/2 cup shredded coconut
In a large mixing bowl, combine all ingredients. Mix just until combined. Pour into two greased loaf pans, or a bundt cake pan. Bake at 350 degrees for 40 to 50 minutes or until a toothpick comes clean.
Mangoes can also be frozen and saved for future use; I often use them in smoothies. They are also an unusual and welcome addition to salads. See my previous post on Houston’s Thai Steak and Noodle Salad to see how I used the one Mallika mango I harvested. I also made a wonderful mango, burrata, hazelnut and arugula salad with balsamic glaze last year from a recipe (Love thy Carrot website by Marla Hetzman) that originally called for grilled peaches. I find mangoes can pretty much be substituted for peaches in most recipes.
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